Agency NASA with the National Academy of Sciences of the United States has implemented calculations on a hypothetical scenario of the plasma bombing of the Earth and issued a report entitled “Threats to Space Weather: social and economic consequences.”
Plasma charge ejected from The Sun, paralyzed all the electrical network, and everything that runs on electricity. Electromagnetic catastrophe breaks out on Earth without warning, the planet will be unprepared for such a disaster.
Enormous solar flare – the so-called coronal mass ejections lead to geomagnetic storms of unprecedented power and global catastrophe.
The alarm signal from a satellite observing the Sun, will be available in Houston, Center for Space Research. At the disposal of humanity will be only a few minutes, scientists believe, but all efforts will be futile.
Initially, people can watch shine like polar, but many times brighter. Then will come down all the power transformers. The most vulnerable elements – the transformers. They will quickly overheat and melt. According to experts, only in the U.S. 90 seconds after the impact 300 key transformers will burn. And more than 130 million people will be without power.
Nobody dies, and the effects of solar attacks manifest immediately. But cease to receive drinking water, shut off gas stations, will cease to operate oil and gas pipelines. Stand-alone power systems in hospitals could work for three days, then they will stop. The cooling system of the product storadge will break down. As a result, experts estimate, within a year, millions of people die because of the indirect effects of paralysis of the economy.
Such a magnetic storm occurred in 1859. But then the industry was’nt relying on electrycity, thats why the world has not suffered big losses. Now humanity is more vulnerable. Suffice it to recall the consequences of one of the weaker storms: in 1989, modest-scale solar storm plunged into darkness the Canadian province of Quebec, 6 million people remained without electricity for 9 hours.
Plasma charge can lead to the worst consequences. But why did the restoration would take so many years?. NASA experts say it’s all about transformers: they can not be repaired, they can only be replaced, but at the same plants on which they are made, will be paralyzed. Therefore, the recovery is very slow.
As for the likelihood that such an electromagnetic storm will sweep over the earth, then statistically it is possible, and the question is not whether it happens or not, but only when going to happen.
“The consequences of sudden solar storm is comparable to a nuclear war or a giant asteroid falling to earth,” – said Professor Daniel Baker (Daniel Baker), an expert on space weather from the University of Colorado (University of Colorado in Boulder) and chairman of the committee NAS, responsible for preparing the report .
Is it really in the sun, to which as many as 150 million kilometers, is capable of so much harm to mankind?
“If an event occurs that is similar to what happened in autumn 1859, then we can not survive,” – says James Green (James L. Green), one of the directors of NASA and an expert on the magnetosphere.
Then – 150 years ago – a young English astronomer Richard Carrington (Richard Carrington) noticed that the star was covered with unusually large spots – their team was clearly visible even without optical devices. And suddenly, over two spots flashed dazzling ball, which quickly grew. They were so bright that the sun eclipsed shine. After about five minutes, the balls are gone.
After 17 hours of the night over America began in the afternoon – it was so light from the green and crimson flashes of brilliance. It seemed that the city ablaze. Glow over their heads even seen people of Cuba, Jamaica, Hawaii, never before had seen anything like it. The available then any high level of magnetometers. Telegraph passed out. Of vehicles poured sparks stinging and burning telegraph paper.
This is called a magnetic storm Karringtonskim event – on behalf of the astronomer. It was the strongest in the near past. Its repetition and fear scientists reported today the newspaper “Komsomolskaya Pravda”
Solar flares are due to mixing of gases. Sometimes the light shoots them into space. Detached from the surface of the tens of billions of tons of hot plasma. These clots cyclopean rushing toward Earth at speeds of millions of miles per hour. Also accelerated by the move. Beat assumes planet’s magnetic field.
Sudden changes in the electromagnetic field of the Earth suggest a strong direct current. It was he able to literally burn the electric network is not designed for such loads.
“There is another danger, – said Daniel Baker – the so-called rolling blackouts. Power networks on the continents are interconnected. And even the loss of any one node will stage an accident. For example, in 2006, one of the banal off power lines in Germany caused a series of injuries transformer substations across Europe. In France, five million people were without electricity two hours. ”
NASA experts predict a solar storm similar to Karringtonskomu, in the fall of 2012, when the active light reaches the maximum. And rely on the alarm. And it according to the report, is able to submit just one machine, which is now located between the Sun and the Earth. And that really breaks down soon – fly in 1997. But even if it will stretch for three years after the “storm warning” from the earthlings will be from 15 to 45 minutes to prepare.
“Then – 150 years ago – was just lucky to humanity because it has not reached a high technological level – says James Green. – Now that happen like that, to restore the destroyed infrastructure of the world will take at least ten years. And the trillions of dollars.”
“Richard Carrington in 1859 godkov saw so-called white flash for the first time in the history of observations of the Sun – the director of the Astronomical Observatory of Irkutsk State University, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics SB RAS, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Sergei Yazev. – Ever then they have appeared repeatedly – 3 – 4 times per solar cycle. But not every cause a blow to the Earth’s magnetosphere. In other words, the repetition of Karringtonskogo event should not wait for a global catastrophe with a hundred percent probability. ”
According to the scientist, writes “Komsomolskaya Pravda”, the date is uncertain and the end of the world – especially so accurate. NASA experts connect it to the peak of the next solar cycle. And he – new – not yet started. Since the previous one ended. Those same experts predicted its completion in 2006. 2009 is already in the yard, and the cycle continues all: the sun safely and spotless, kept at the minimum of its activity.